Genel

Teknopark Nedir

Üniversite-Sanayi işbirliği çerçevesinde; ticarî amaçlı, bilimsel ve/veya endüstriyel araştırma yapılan, katma değerli ürünlerin ortaya çıkartıldığı, bilgi ve teknoloji transferi gerçekleştirilen, ARGE çalışmaları yapılarak yeni ürünlerin ve yeni teknolojilerin yürütüldüğü; akademik, ekonomik ve sosyal yapının bütünleştiği araştırma ve iş geliştirme ekosistemleridir.

ABD başta olmak üzere, İngiltere, Fransa, Japonya, Çin, Kore, Hindistan, İsrail, Finlandiya gibi birçok ülkede katma değeri yüksek ürünler üretilmekte, teknolojideki yenilikler teknoparklar bünyesinde yürütülmektedir. Teknoparklar için; araştırma parkı, teknoloji parkı, teknopolis, teknokent ve biyomedikal park gibi terimler de kullanılır. Hangi terimin kullanıldığı yapılan araştırma ve geliştirme türüne bağlıdır.

Uluslararası Bilim Parkları Birliği (International Association for the Study of Pain, IASP) tanımına göre Teknopark; bir veya birden fazla üniversite veya diğer yükseköğretim kurumu ve araştırma merkezleri ile resmi veya faaliyet bazında ilişkili, bünyesinde bilgiye ve ileri teknolojilere dayalı sanayi firmalarının kurulup gelişmesini teşvik etmek üzere tasarlanmış, içinde yer alan kiracı firmalara, teknoloji transferi ve iş idaresi konularında destek sağlayacak bir yönetim fonksiyonuna sahip, teşvik ve mülkiyete dayalı bir teşebbüstür.

İngiltere Bilim Parkları Birliği (The United Kingdom Science Park Association, UKSPA) tanımına göre Teknopark; bir üniversite veya bir araştırma merkezi ile resmi ilişkiler kurmuş, içinde teknoloji kökenli firma ve işletmelerin oluşmasını özendirecek ve büyüyüp gelişmesine destek veren yapıda tasarlanmış, yönetiminin ilgili firmalara teknoloji ve işletmecilik becerilerinin transferi konusunda etkin uğraş verdiği bir girişimdir.

Dünyadaki Teknokentler

Çin Teknokentleri

  • Shanghai Pudong Software Park (Shanghai)
  • Shanghai Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park (aka Zhangjiang Drug Valley) (Shanghai)
  • Shenzhen Hi-tech Industrial Park (Shenzhen)
  • Suzhou BioBay (Suzhou)
  • Suzhou Industrial Park (Suzhou)
  • Zhongguancun (aka Beijing Zhong-guan-cun Life Science Park) (Beijing)
  • Cyberport
  • Hong Kong Science Park

Hindistan Teknokentleri

  • Genome Valley
  • Alexandria Knowledge Park
  • Alexandria Center for Science and Innovation
  • IKP Knowledge Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park
  • InfoPark, Kochi
  • Technocity, Trivandrum
  • Technopark, Trivandrum
  • Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT), Coimbatore
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
  • Veltech Dr.RR & Dr.SR University

Japonya Teknokentleri

  • Kansai Science City
  • Kyoto Research Park (KRP)
  • Tokyo Bay Biotech cluster
  • Tsukuba Science City
  • Yokosuka Research Park

Malezya Teknokentleri

  • Cyberjaya (near Kuala Lumpur)
  • Technology Park Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)
  • Sciences & Arts Innovation Space – SAINS@USM (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang)

Pakistan Teknokentleri

  • Kahuta Research Laboratories, (Military research complex, Kahuta)
  • National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Faisalabad
  • Arfa Karim Technology Park (former Software Technology Park) – Lahore
  • IT Media City – Karachi

Filipinler Teknokentleri

  • Light Industry and Science Park of the Philippines II, Laguna
  • Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija
  • Calamba Premiere International Park

Singapur Teknokentleri

  • Biopolis
  • Singapore Science Park (Singapore)
  • South Korea
  • Daedeok Science Town
  • Digital Media City

Tayvan Teknokentleri

  • Hsinchu Science Park (Hsinchu City)
  • Central Taiwan Science Park (Taichung City)
  • Southern Taiwan Science Park (Tainan City)
  • Tainan Science Park (Tainan City)

Tayland Teknokentleri

  • Thailand Science Park (north of Bangkok)

Vietnam Teknokentleri

  • Hoa Lac High-Tech Park, Hanoi
  • Saigon Hi-Tech Park, Ho Chi Minh City
  • Danang Hi-Tech Park, Da Nang

Avrupa

Belçika Teknokentleri

  • Louvain-la-Neuve Science Park
  • Arenberg Research-Park
  • Aéropole Science Park
  • Crealys Science Park
  • Al Camino Research Park

Çek Cumhuriyeti

  • Czech Technology Park (Brno)
  • Palacký University Scientific-Technical Park (Olomouc)

Danimarka Teknokentleri

  • INCUBA Science Park (Aarhus)
  • Scion DTU (Hørsholm near Copenhagen)

Estonya Teknokentleri

  • Tallinn Science Park Tehnopol
  • PAKRI Science and Industrial Park- Synergy for greentech companies; unigue physical environment and testing with PAKRI Smart Industrial City and its own PAKRI Smart Grid 75MW renewable power network, which combined enables total control of energy prices.

Finlandiya Teknokentleri

  • Hermia (Tampere)
  • Otaniemi Science Park – the largest technology hub in the Nordic countries
  • Turku Science Park
  • Technology Centre Teknia & Kuopio Science Park (Kuopio)
  • Technopolis Group – one of the largest technology center operators in Europe

Fransa Teknokentleri

  • Paris-Saclay
  • Eurasante Bio-business Park (Lille)
  • Sophia Antipolis (Nice)
  • Villeneuve d’Ascq
  • Polygone Scientifique (Grenoble)
  • Inovallée (Meylan)

Almanya Teknokentleri

  • Bayer CoLaborator (Berlin)
  • Biotechnologiepark Luckenwalde GmbH (Luckenwalde, Brandenburg)
  • Expo Park Hannover (Hannover)
  • Softwarezentrum Böblingen/Sindelfingen – biggest research park focussing on information technology in Europe (Böblingen near Stuttgart)
  • Technologiepark Dortmund (Dortmund)
  • Technologiepark Paderborn (Paderborn)
  • Technologie- und Gewerbezentrum Schwerin/Wismar (Schwerin and Wismar)
  • Technologiezentrum Vorpommern (Greifswald and Stralsund)
  • Technologiezentrum Warnemünde (Rostock-Warnemünde)
  • Innovation Campus Lemgo
  • Transferzentrum für angepasste Technologien (Rheine)
  • Triple Z Essen – Gründungs- und Unternehmenszentrum ZukunftsZentrumZollverein (Essen)
  • Weinberg Campus (Halle (Saale))
  • WISTA (Science and Technology Park in Berlin-Adlershof)

Macaristan Teknokentleri

  • Infopark (Budapest)

İtalya Teknokentleri

  • KILOMETRO ROSSO in (Bergamo, Lombardy, Northern Italy)
  • AREA Science Park (Trieste near the Slovenian border)
  • Bioindustry Park Silvano Fumero (Canavese near Turin in the north of Italy)
  • Erzelli High-Tech Park (Genova near Genoa Airport in the north-west of Italy, on the Mediterranean Sea)

Hollanda Teknokentleri

  • Science Park Amsterdam (Amsterdam)
  • Utrecht Science Park (Utrecht)
  • Leiden Bio Science Park (Leiden)
  • Technopolis Delft (Delft)
  • HighTech Campus Eindhoven (Eindhoven)
  • Science Park Maastricht (Maastricht)
  • Pivot Park Oss (Oss)

Polonya Teknokentleri

  • Jagiellonian Center of Innovation (Krakow)
  • Bionanopark (Łódź)
  • Lower Silesian Technology Park T-Park (Dolnośląski Park Technologiczny “T-Park”)
  • Pomeranian Science and Technology Park (Gdynia)
  • Poznański Park Naukowo-Technologiczny – Poznan Science and Technology Park (Poznań)
  • Startup Hub Poland (Warsaw)
  • Szczeciński Park Naukowo-Technologiczny (Szczecin)
  • Wrocławski Park Technologiczny, (Wrocław)
  • Bialystok Science and Technology Park

Portekiz Teknokentleri

  • Avepark (Caldas das Taipas)
  • Biocantpark (Cantanhede)
  • Brigantia Eco Park (Bragança)
  • Coimbra iParque
  • Feirapark (Porto)
  • Gaia Park (Vila Nova de Gaia)
  • iParque (Coimbra)
  • Instituto Pedro Nunes (Coimbra)
  • Lispólis (Lisboa)
  • Madan Parque de Ciência (Caparica)
  • Madeira Tecnopólo (Funchal)
  • Óbidos Terra Digital (Óbidos)
  • Parque de Ciência e Tecnologia da Universidade do Porto (Porto)
  • Parque Tecnológico da Mutela (Almada)
  • Polo Tecnológico do Algarve (Faro)
  • Portuspark (Porto)
  • Parkurbis (Covilhã)
  • Régia-Douro Park (Vila Real)
  • Sanjotec (São João da Madeira)
  • Tecmaia (Maia)
  • Tagos Valley (Abrantes)
  • Taguspark (Oeiras)

Slovakya Teknokentleri

  • Vedecko-technologicky park Žilina (Žilina)
  • Comenius University Science Park (Bratislava)

İsveç Teknokentleri

  • Ideon Science Park (Lund)
  • Kista Science City (Stockholm)
  • Lindholmen Science Park (Gothenburg)
  • Luleå Science Park
  • Mjärdevi Science Park (Linköping)

Rusya Teknokentleri

  • SPbU Research Park (Saint Petersburg)
  • High Technology park IT Park
  • Dubna Technopark
  • Khanty-Mansiisk Technopark
  • Novosibirsk Technopark
  • Sarov Technopark
  • IDEA Innovative Technopark in Tatarstan
  • Special economic zones of technical innovation type
  • Dubna SEZ of Technical Innovation Type
  • Saint Petersburg SEZ of Technical Innovation Type
  • Tomsk SEZ of Technical Innovation Type
  • Zelenograd SEZ of Technical Innovation Type
  • Skolkovo Innovation Center

İspanya Teknokentleri

  • Parque Tecnológico de Vizcaya (Bilbao)
  • Parc de Recerca UAB (Barcelona)
  • Barcelona Biomedical Research Park] (Barcelona)
  • Parc Tecnològic del Vallès (Barcelona)
  • Tecnológico de Boecillo (Valladolid)
  • Parque Tecnológico de Andalucía (Málaga)
  • Cartuja93 (Seville)
  • Parque Tecnológico de León(León)
  • Parc Científic i Tecnològic Universitat de Girona (Girona)
  • Parque Tecnológico TechnoPark MotorLand (Alcañiz)
  • PCiTAL parc cientific i tecnològic de Lleida http://www.pcital.com/. Missing or empty |title= (help) (Lleida)
  • Parc Científic de la Universitat de València (Valencia)

İngiltere Teknokentleri

  • Adastral Park, (Ipswich)
  • Cambridge Science Park (Cambridge)
  • Norwich Research Park (NRP) (Colney, South Norfolk)
  • Peel Park (East Kilbride)
  • Surrey Research Park
  • Wavertree Technology Park (near Liverpool)
  • University of Warwick Science Park (Coventry)
  • The Surrey Research Park (University of Surrey, Guildford)
  • Colworth Science Park
  • Harwell Science and Innovation Campus

Orta Doğu

İran Teknokentleri

  • Isfahan Science and Technology Town
  • Pardis Technology Park
  • Pardis Technology Park
  • Science & Technology Park-IASBS
  • Khorasan Science and Technology Park
  • Sheikh Bahai Technology Park
  • Guilan Science and Technology Park
  • Semnan Science and Technology Park – SSTP
  • East Azerbaijan Province Technology Park
  • Yazd Province Technology Park
  • Markazi Province Technology Park
  • Fars Province Technology Park

İsrail Teknokentleri

  • Silicon Wadi
  • Startup Village – Yokneam
  • Matam – Haifa
  • Jerusalem Technology Park
  • Har Hotzvim, Jerusalem
  • Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot
  • Tamar Science Park (Rehovot)

Katar Teknokentleri

  • Qatar Science & Technology Park (Doha)

Sudi Arabistan Teknokentleri

  • KAUST Research Park
  • King Abdullah Science Park at KFUPM
  • Wadi Makkah
  • Riyadh Techno Valley

Kuzey Amerika

Canada

  • Edmonton Research Park
  • Simon Fraser University Burnaby Mountain Science Park
  • University of British Columbia
  • Blueline Bioscience (Toronto)
  • David Johnston Research + Technology Park (Waterloo, Ontario)
  • MaRS Discovery District (aka MaRS Center) (Toronto)
  • Western Research Parks (London)
  • Kanata Research Park (Ottawa)
  • McMaster Innovation Park (Hamilton, Ontario)
  • Innovation Place Research Park (2 parks: Regina & Saskatoon)

Meksika Teknokentleri

  • Parque de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica, PIIT (Monterrey)

Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Teknokentleri

  • Cummings Research Park (Huntsville)
  • UAB Oxmoor
  • Tuskegee University Research Park (Tuskegee)
  • Arizona State University Research Park
  • University of Arizona Science and Tech Park
  • California Institute for Biomedical Research
  • California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences
  • California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly) Technology Park San Luis Obipso
  • Bayer CoLaborator (San Francisco)
  • Innovation Village Research Park at Cal Poly Pomona
  • Stanford Research Park
  • UCI Research Park
  • Science Park at Yale (New Haven, CT)
  • Central Florida Research Park (Orlando)
  • Miami Civic Center (Miami)
  • Research Park at Florida Atlantic University (Boca Raton and Deerfield Beach)
  • Florida Gulf Coast University Innovation Hub (Fort Myers)
  • Innovation Park (Tallahassee)
  • Medical City at Lake Nona, (Orlando)
  • Progress Corporate Park (Gainesville)
  • Sid Martin Biotechnology Incubator (Alachua)
  • Treasure Coast Research Park (Fort Pierce)
  • USF Research Park (Tampa)
  • Florida Network of Research, Science and Technology Parks
  • Foundation Park (Alachua)
  • Georgia Tech Research Institute (Atlanta)
  • The Illinois Science & Technology Park (Skokie, IL)
  • University Technology Park at IIT (Chicago, IL)
  • Research Park at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Champaign-Urbana, IL)
  • Illinois Technology and Research Corridor
  • Purdue Research Park (West Lafayette)
  • BioVentures Center (University of Iowa)
  • Iowa State University Research Park
  • University of Kentucky Coldstream Research Campus
  • LSU Innovation Park (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
  • University of New Orleans Research and Technology Park
  • University of Maryland Research Park (MSquare) (College Park, MD)
  • Science & Technology Park at Johns Hopkins (Baltimore, MD)
  • University of Maryland BioPark[105] (Baltimore, MD)
  • Johns Hopkins University Montgomery County Campus (Rockville, MD)
  • bwtech@UMBC Research and Technology Park (Baltimore, MD)
  • BioSquare at Boston University (Boston, MA)
  • LabCentral (Cambridge)
  • University Park at MIT – Cambridge, MA
  • TechTown at Wayne State University – Detroit, MI
  • University Corporate Research Park at Michigan State University – Lansing, MI
  • Minnesota Innovation Park (Formerly Minnesota Innovation Center) In Planning Stages – Minneapolis, MN[109]
  • The MS e-Center at Jackson State University – Jackson, MS
  • Montana State University Innovation Campus – Bozeman, MT
  • Nebraska Technology Park – Lincoln, NE
  • Nebraska Innovation Campus – Lincoln, NE
  • Rensselaer Technology Park at RPI
  • Metrotech Center at Polytechnic Institute of New York University
  • Research Triangle Park (Raleigh-Durham) (largest research park in the world)
  • University Research Park (University City – Charlotte)
  • North Carolina Research Campus (Kannapolis)
  • NC State University Centennial Campus (Raleigh)
  • Gateway University Research Park (Greensboro, North Carolina)
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill – Carolina North Campus (Chapel Hill)
  • Wake Forest Innovation Quarter (downtown Winston-Salem)
  • North Dakota State University Research Technology Park (Fargo)
  • Miami Valley Research Park, Kettering – in the Greater Dayton area
  • Mound Advanced Technology Center Miamisburg, OH
  • Russ Research Center,[115] Beavercreek, Ohio – in the Greater Dayton area
  • Science & Technology Campus Corporation, Columbus, Ohio
  • Riverfront Research Park, University of Oregon
  • University of Pittsburgh Applied Research Center (U-PARC), Harmarville
  • Pittsburgh Technology Center, Pittsburgh
  • Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, West Mifflin
  • University City Science Center, Philadelphia
  • Innovation Park, State College, Pennsylvania
  • Clemson ICAR International Center for Automobile Research, Greenville, South Carolina
  • Clemson University Innovation Campus and Technology Park (CUICAT), Anderson, South Carolina
  • The University of South Carolina’s Innovista next to The Vista District in downtown, Columbia, South Carolina.
  • Carolina Research Park, Columbia, SC.
  • South Dakota State University Innovation Campus Research Science Technology Park (Brookings)
  • Baylor Research and Innovation Collaborative (Waco)
  • Southwest Research Institute (San Antonio)
  • Texas A&M University Research Park (College Station)
  • Texas Research Park (San Antonio)
  • University of Houston Energy Research Park (Houston)
  • University of North Texas Research Park (Denton)
  • University of Utah Research Park(Salt Lake City, Utah)
  • Vivint Innovation Center (Lehi, Utah)
  • Fontaine Research Park (Charlottesville)
  • University of Virginia Research Park (Charlottesville)
  • Virginia Tech Corporate Research Center (Blacksburg)
  • Virginia BioTechnology Research Park (Richmond)
  • Innovation Technology Park @Prince William (Prince William County)
  • Wallops Research Park[120] (Wallops Island)
  • West Virginia Regional Technology Park (South Charleston)
  • Milwaukee County Research Park (Wauwatosa, Wisconsin)
  • University Research Park at University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Innovation Campus at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Wauwatosa, Wisconsin)teknokenet
Ahmet GÜLŞEN Mali Müşavir
1970 yılında Çankırı’da doğdu. Çankırı Lisesi ve Erciyes Ünv. İktisat Fakültesinden mezun oldu. Serbest Muhasebeci Mali Müşavir ruhsatına sahip olup, Kayseri’de 1998-2007 Dönemlerinde YMM firmasında denetçi, 2007-2009 dönemlerinde imalat sektöründe KOBİ ve büyük ölçekli firmalarda Muhasebe Müdürlüğü yaptı. 2010 yılında Ankara’da Serbest Muhasebeci Mali Müşavirlik bürosu açtı. Arge Muhasebesi ve teşvik hibe konularında çalışmaktadır.

Yorum Yazınız